LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Figure

1. Moronobu Hishikawa,
Edo Fuzoku Emaki (Customs in the Edo Period),
paint on silk scroll, c.1660. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

2. Namban chair, kyokuroku, end of 16th c., anonymous, hiramaki-e lacquer. . . . 80

3. Letter box, Akikusadake Maki-e Bunko, c.1600, anonymous, in Kyoto, hiramaki-e lacquer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

4. Travelling shrine, late 16th century., anonymous, in Kyoto, hiramaki-e lacquer and mother-of-pearl inlay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

5. Drop-front cabinet on stand, late 16th century., anonymous, in Kyoto, cabinet
covered in Namban lacquer, hiramaki-e and mother-of-pearl inlay set on an English giltwood stand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82

6. Chest of drawers on stand, first half of the 17th century., anonymous, in Kyoto, hiramaki-e and takamaki-e lacquer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

7. Chair with crossed legs, mid 17th century, anonymous, in Kyoto, hiramaki-e
lacquer and mother-of-pearl inlay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84

8. Commode, c.1745, Bernard II van Risenburgh (B.V.R.B.), France, covered
in hiramaki-e and takamaki-e Japanese lacquer and gilt-bronze mounts. . . . .. 85

9. Bureau-cabinet, c.1720-1730, attributed to Giles Grendey, covered in red and gold japanning with chinoiserie decoration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

10. Chest of drawers, 1712- 1725, japanning attributed to Nehemiah Patridge, Boston, covered in japanning painting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

11. Chest of drawers, first half of 19th century., anonymous, in Nagasaki, painted
shell inlaid on black lacquer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

12. Table-folding top Demi-lune, 1799, anonymous, in Nagasaki, hiramaki-e lacquer. . . 89

13. Sennen Hosoki,
Shokoku Shokugyo Kyo (Business of Each County), wood
block print, 1879. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90

14. Illustration from Tokyo Fuzoku-shi 1898. anonymous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15. Balloon back chairs, anonymous, 1885, Meiji-mura, Aichi, takamaki-e lacquer and upholstered with brocade. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

16. Chairs used at barber shops in the Meiji period, Meiji (1868-1912), anonymous. 91

17. Advertisement by JNO. W. Hall in the Japan Gazette, 28 July 1908. . . . . . . . . . 92

18. Engraving from Illustrated London News, ìExhibition at Pall Mall Galleryî 1854. . . . 93

19. Asada, in Nagasaki, a design for lacquer table from Aogai Maki-e Hinagata
Hikae, 1856 (Lacquerware Design Manuals, Nagasaki Aogai), ink on paper. . . . . 93

20. Sideboard, 1867, designed by E.W. Godwin, ebonised mahogany. . . . . . . . . . . 94

21. Peacock Room, 1876, designed by James McNeil Whistler and Thomas Jeckyll,
made for Frederick Leyland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94

22. Display cabinet, 1894, designed by Emile GallÈ, marquetry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..95

23. Interior of Mortimer Menpesí house at 25 Cadogan Gardens, 1895, designed by Mortimer Menpes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95

24. Dresser, c.1878, coloured shell inlaid on black lacquer, made in Nagasaki. . . .. .96

25. Design for a dresser from Aogai Maki-e Hinagata Hikae, 1878, ink on paper, anonymous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96

26. Table screen, mid Meiji, by Ri (?), Shibayama lacquer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96

27. Cabinet, late 19th century, anonymous, body carved and lacquered, carved ivory
panels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97

28. Display cabinet Hatsune no Chodo, 1639, designed by Matabei Iwasa, made by Nagashige Koami, hiramaki-e and takamaki-e lacquer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97

29. Design for a balloon back chair from Onchi Zuroku, c.1881, an object made
by Hanbei Arai. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98

30. Design for display cabinet from Onchi Zuroku, 1876, an object produced
by Hanbei Arai. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

31. Design for display cabinet from Onchi Zuroku, 1876, an object produced by Chojiro Minoda. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

32. Design for display cabinet from Onchi Zuroku, an object produced by Zenji Shiura. . .100

33. Illustration for lacquer display cabinet (in the middle) Liberty & Co. sales catalogue, Porcelain, Bronzes and Curios. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

34. (a) Illustration for parquetry corner cabinet. (b) Illustration for lacquer display cabinet. Liberty & Co., sales catalogue, Porcelain, Bronzes and Curios. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

35. Writing table consigned to the Japan-British Exhibition, 1910, anonymous, in Yokohama, lacquered. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102

36. Interior of Tokyo-kan at the Japan-British Exhibition, 1910. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

37. Display cabinet, c.1909, anonymous, in Japan, hiramaki-e lacquer and coloured shell inlay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

38. Secretaire, c.1880, Henry Dasson, Paris, Japanese lacquer panels and
gilt-bronze mount. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

39. Cabinet, c.1880, attributed to Thomas Jeckyll, decorated with Japanese Namban
lacquer and painted panels (by Holsteyn the elderly) taken from a travelling shrine. . 104

40. Cabinet, c.1880-1890, anonymous, English, ebonised and gesso-painted. . . . . . . . . . . 105

41. Drawers, early Meiji, anonymous, ran-yosegi parquetry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

42. Chest of drawers with two front doors, Meiji, anonymous, ranyose-gi parquetry
and lacquer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
43. Chest of drawers, Meiji, anonymous, Japanese, parquetry and lacquered panels
inlaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

44. Illustration of chest of drawers from a sales catalogue of Liberty & Co.,
Eastern Art Manufactures and Decorative Objects from Persian, India, China, and Japan, 1881. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

45. Secretaire cylindre, late Meiji, anonymous, Japanese, parquetry and marquetry. . . 108

46. Dresser, mid-late Meiji, anonymous, Japanese, parquetry and marquetry. . . . . . 109

47. SecrÈtaire cylindre, c. 1775, TeunÈ, parquetry and marquetry. . . . . . . . . . . . .. 109

48. Cabinet, c. 1890, anonymous, Japanese, lacquer, bamboo, and parquetry. . . . ..110

49. Display cabinet, c.1890, anonymous, Japanese, parquetry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110

50. Yomei gate at Nikko Tosho Shrine, Nikko . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111

51. Sculpture Misshaku-kongo, mid 13th century, wood,. anonymous . . . . . . . ..111

52. Chest of drawers, tansu, late 19th c., anonymous, Yamagata Prefecture, paulownia lacquered in black with iron hinges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

53. Design for wardrobe from Onchi Zuroku, 1876, an object produced
by Manzo Negishi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113

54. Design for bed from Onchi Zuroku, 1876, an object produced by Manzo Negishi. . . . .114

55. Engraving of wardrobe, 1876, anonymous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

56. Wood carving under the gable, hafuka, 1760, anonymous. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 116

57. Chair, late Meiji, anonymous, Japanese, entirely carved and lacquered. . . . . . ..117

58. Signature of chair, late Meiji, Tomekichi Suzuki in Yokohama. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117

59. Throne chair, c.1900, anonymous, entirely carved and lacquered. . . . . . . . . . . . .. 118

60. Chair, late Meiji, anonymous, entirely carved and polished. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..119

61. Writing desk and chair, late Meiji, anonymous, entirely carved and polished. . ..120

62. Photograph of Japan British Exhibition, 1910, Furniture Section. . . . . . . . . . . . . 121

63. Setee, Yamanaka & Co.ís sales catalogue, Catalogue of Room Decoration and
Artistic Furniture, 1905. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

64. Chairs, Yamanaka & Co.ís sales catalogue, Catalogue of Room Decoration and
Artistic Furniture, 1905. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

65. Bed, c. 1883, designed by Benn Pitman and carved by Adelaide Nourse Pitman, Cincinnati. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123

66. Cabinet, 1876, designed by Gyozan Nakajima, made by Manzo Negishi, carved wood and cloisonne enamel panels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

67 and 68. Designs for cabinet from Onchi Zuroku, 1876, designed by Gyozan Nakajima, made by Manzou Negishi, made for Shoroku Fukihara. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

69. Display cabinet, late 1890s, anonymous, wood carving and cloisonnÈ enamel panels inlaid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

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Contents
Chapter I - Introduction
Chapter II - Pre-Meiji Export Furniture
Chapter III - Social Context in the Meiji Era
Chapter IV - Meiji Export Furniture
Chapter V - Conclusions
Appendix - Footnotes