A generative bibliography of Frisian syntax

Eric Hoekstra, Royal Netherlands Academy, Amsterdam
Willem Visser, Frisian Academy, Ljouwert

Articles on Frisian linguistics are by and large written in one of the four relevant languages: (i) West and, to a less extent, North Frisian, (ii) Dutch, the official language of The Netherlands, in part of which West Frisian is spoken, (iii) German, the official language of Germany, in part of which North Frisian is spoken, and (iv) English, the international language. In the interest of scientific communication, a bibliography is given below containing those articles on Frisian syntax which are written in English. A lot of excellent articles have appeared, which have been written either in Frisian, Dutch or German, and thus are not accessible to the international English-speaking community: tragically, language preservation is not in the interest of scientific communication. This bibliography is largely based on the bibliography of Sybren Dyk & Jarich Hoekstra (Ta de Fryske Syntaksis (1987:40-43), Fryske Akademy, Ljouwert), and a thematically ordered follow-up by Willem Visser, which is constantly updated.

A Introductions

Hoekstra, Jarich & Piter Tiersma (1995) "Frisian". In Johan van der Auwera and Ekkehard König (eds) The Germanic Languages. Routledge, London, 505-531.
Tiersma, Piter (1985) Frisian Reference Grammar. Foris, Dordrecht.
Walker, Alastair (1990) "Frisian". In Charles Russ (ed) The Dialects of Modern German. A Linguistic Survey. Routledge, London, 1-30.

B Articles

Bor, Arie (1982) "An aspect of word order in Frisian". Us Wurk 31, 13-28,
Ebert, Karen (1994) "Future Time Reference in Fering". In Östen Dahl, Caspar de Groot en Hannu Tommola (eds) Future Time Reference in European Languages II (= EUROTYP Working Papers, Series VII, No. 3).
Ebert, Karen & Ed Keenan (1973) "A note on marking transparency and opacity". Linguistic Inquiry 4, 421-424.
Haan, Germ de (1983) "The position of the finite verb in modern West Frisian". In Niels Danielsen, Erik Hansen, Hans F. Nielsen and Hans Bekker-Nielsen (eds) Friserstudier III. Odense Universitetsforlag, Odense, 37-48.
Haan, Germ de (1984) "Bare infinitivals in Frisian and the nature of INFL". In Hans Bennis & Wus van Lessen Kloeke (eds) Linguistics in the Netherlands 1984. Foris, Dordrecht, 45-51.
Haan, Germ de (1992) "The verbal complex in Frisian". Us Wurk 41, 59-92.
Haan, Germ de (1993) "The Third Construction in Frisian". In Werner Abraham & Josef Bayer (eds) Dialektsyntax. Westdeutscher Verlag, Opladen, 117-139. Special issue (Sonderheft 5) of Linguistische Berichte.
Haan, Germ de Haan (1994) "Inflection and Cliticization in Frisian -sto, -ste, -st". North-Western European Language Evolution (NOWELE) 23, 75-90.
Haan, Germ de & Fred Weerman (1985) "Finiteness and Verb Fronting in Frisian." In Hubert Haider & Martin Prinzhorn (eds) Verb Second Phenomena in Germanic Languages. Foris, Dordrecht, 77-110.
Hiemstra, Inge (1986a) "Some aspects of wh-movement in Frisian". MA thesis, University of Groningen.
Hiemstra, Inge (1986b) "Some Aspects of wh-questions in Frisian". North-Western European Language Evolution (NOWELE) 8, 97-110.
Hoekema, Teake (1971) "Sentences with imperativus pro infinitivo". Us Wurk 20, 61-74.
Hoekstra, Jarich (1989) "A note on the typology of te-infinitives in Frisian". North-Western European Language Evolution (NOWELE) 14, 19-51.
Hoekstra, Jarich (1991) "Expletive der and Resumptive pro in Frisian". Leuvense Bijdragen 80, 61-80.
Hoekstra, Jarich (1992) "Fering tu-infinitives, North Sea Germanic Syntax and Universal Grammar". In Volkert Faltings, Alastair Walker and Ommo Wilts (eds) Friesische Studien I. NOWELE Supplement vol. 8. Odense University Press, 99-142.
Hoekstra, Jarich (1994) "Pronouns and Case. On the distribution of Frisian harren and se 'them'". Leuvense Bijdragen 83, 47-65.
Hoekstra, Jarich (1995) "Preposition Stranding and Resumptivity in West Germanic". In Hubert Haider, Susan Olsen & Sten Vikner (eds) Studies in Comparative Germanic Syntax (= Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 31). Kluwer, Dordrecht, 95-118.
Hoekstra, Jarich & Laci Marácz (1989a) "Some implications of I-to-C movement in Frisian". In Hans Bennis & Ans van Kemenade (eds) Linguistics in the Netherlands 1989. Foris, Dordrecht, 81-90.
Hoekstra, Jarich & Laci Marácz (1989b) "On the position of inflection in West-Germanic". Working Papers in Scandinavian Syntax 44, 75-88.
Looyenga, Sytze (1992) "On Nominal Infinitives in Frisian" In Dicky Gilbers & Sytze Looyenga (eds) Language and Cognition 2. Yearbook 1992 of the research group for Linguistic Theory and Knowledge Representation of the University of Groningen, 227-240.
Meer, Geart van der (1972) "Is it de muoite wurdich en lêz dit? (A description of the so-called 'en + imperative construction' in Frisian)". Us Wurk 21-22, 151-166.
Meer, Geart van der (1975) "The imperativus pro infinitivo reconsidered". Us Wurk 24, 19-34.
Meer, Geart van der (1988) "Reported speech and the position of the finite verb. Some facts from West Frisian". Leuvense Bijdragen 77, 301-324.
Meer, Geart van der Meer (1989) "The so-called imperativus pro infinitivo (ipi) in West Frisian (on the interplay of syntax, semantics and morphology)". North-Western European Language Evolution (NOWELE) 13, 49-85.
Meer, Geart van der (1991a) "The 'conjugation' of subclause introducers:
Frisian -st". North-Western European Language Evolution (NOWELE) 17, 63-84.
Meer, Geart van der (1991b) "The subclause signal 't in Frisian. Its origin and function". Leuvense Bijdragen 80, 43-59.
Tiersma, Piter (1982) "Local and general markedness". Language 58, 832-849.

Contact adresses for information on Frisian syntax:

Jarich Hoekstra Germ de Haan
Frisian Academy Frisian Institute, University of Groningen
P.O. Box 54 Oude Kijk in 't Jatstraat 26
NL 8900 AB Ljouwert NL 9712 EK Groningen
The Netherlands The Netherlands