Ok, I know that some words are quit hard to understand for kids... that's why all those words are marked below, to have you understand them better. this will be a wordk in progress, but keep it in sight... it will grow :-) This page was setup for all kinds of papers they make on my snakes :P
last upload 17-12-2003
Air Ventricle : the thing a snake breathes trough. When the mouth is open, it's the small round gap on the bottom jaw. The big gap above it, is his troat :P
Albino : a genetical defect that causes the snake not to make ( misses ) black pigment. Albino burms have thus only yellow and orange in their coloration, where the normal ones have brown and black.Some more mutations are : Leopard phase, Green phase and cinnamon Phase. Some are not inherritable, and are only here, by breeders experiments. You will almost not find a green phase in the wild...
Amoebae : a bacteria ; clear nucleus in a dark protoplasm. Visible at 600 X
Basking place : A place where burms get warmed up, like in the sun or under a heat emitting bulb.
Bloodmite : little black < red rodents :') on the snake that suck his blood. Mites range from 0,1 mm black looking till red looking 2 mm points. They can be seen at lights on in the terrarium, running like mad on your snake. Little shiny silver things might be noticed as the molting leftovers as the mites grow. Easely spotted on albino snakes, hard to see on Wild Phase... Look also in the watertank, for drowned mites..
Captive Bred or CB: these snakes are bred and born in captivity. Parents of these snakes can ! be wildcaught.
Cloaca : rear end of your burmese, Opening just above the base of the tail. Holds place for the paired mating organs, and is also the opening where the feces and urate come out of. Egg deposit also comes from the cloaca opening.
( A ) Cold : see pnumonia
Cold Blooded ; See ecothermal
Deficate : the power to poo.
Dead rat jiggle : The most stupid thing to do in front of an adult burm... wave it's food in front of it's face... if it misses... go figure.. I feed live prey only... don't need no sticks..
Digestion : The actual process of getting the good stuff outof the prey, using strong stomache juices. There is not much left of a prey.
Ecothermal or cold blooded. a cold blooded animal does not get his temperature ( elevated ) by burning food, like us humans do. They need a heatsource like the sun, or a hot place to elevate their temperature. Otherwise they cannot digest their food, or go out hunting, or whatever..
Enclosure : Large place that can hold one or more burms :P
Feeding mode / feed respons / feed trigger: All names we give to the moment our burms smell, sence or see ( what they think is ) food. At that second something just clicks inside their heads, ( instinct takes FULL !!! control ) and than NO PYTHON CAN THEN BE TRUSTED !!!! Watch out for SFE´s
Flagglates : microscopic "whip tailed" bacteria visible at 300 X
Goggles : The see trough things over the eyes of your snake. also known as their "glasses". Since the eyelids are grown together, and are transparant of color, the snakes eyes look always open, and he never closes them. The eyecaps are also replaced in a molt.
Gradient : as in temperature gradient. That means that, at different places in your enclosure, the temperature is at other levels ; Close by a spot it can be 35 °C . a bit further away, it's 27 °C... the Gradient is 35-27 = 8 °C
Gravid : A female with eggs in her body is called : to be gravid.
Habitat : The place where they originally live in, usually rain forrests in SE Asia.
Handling : When holding, moving or restraining your burm, you are "handling it"
Hatchling : a newborn Burm ( baby burm )
Heat receptors : Pythons have a couple of these great wonders of nature, on their upper lip. These little organs sense the bodyheat of a prey animal, and the snakes "see" that as discoloration of the surrounding area. Like the greenish infrared images we can see trough night goggles, but than slightly different. :-)
Hemipenis : Reproductive organ of a burm. The hemipenis are located on either side of the tail, from the cloaca down. A male burmese has 2 of them, to ease mating. In a hard position, he still can insert one of the 2 into the female.
Hibernation : Snakes that hibernate, "sleep trough" the winter period. As temperatures rise, they come out again...
Humidity : or relative hum. the percentage of evaporated water in the air. range from 0 till 100 % . A normal livingroom is usually around 55 % Burms like the upper 60's.
Inclusion Body Disease or IBD : A ( lethal ) disease, mostly found at wildcaught animals..
Infra Red : see Heat receptors
Instinct : Something that is done on the "autopilot" of the animal. It does not respond to anything but that what his inner soul has stored. It usually happens during feeding or at severe stress levels. Humans can do 2 things on pure instinct... stay and fight, or run and flee...
Inverted Basking Position : An ovulating or gravid snake turns "up side down" to give the lower parts more heat...
Juvenile : Growing python, juvie from 12 months to 36 months of age.
Kloaka : Rear end of a burm, usually spelled with 2 c's :-)
Lights on ! An expression used to point out the second the lights come on in the enclosures. Some mites are visible only then...
leucistic : Without pattern or color at all, these totally white burms, with black eyes are a real abnormal breed. Only a few still live in captivity I believe, and sell for 1,2 mil $ See my links page for a link to that site :')
Mating : a female and male burm make little burms..
Molting : see Shedding.
Nails : A burm still has some leftovers from the evolution. One of those are the rudimentery legs !! they still have. In the form of nails, these 2 hind legs, are located on either side of the cloaca, and are usually a bit ! bigger with males. They also help him mate a female, by using his "spores" to tickle her.
Nematodes : all kinds of microscopic small worms and other infestations in the intestins of your burm..
Nocturnal : only active at night
Obese : too fat. Obese burms breed poorly
Patternless : missing the distinct pattern on the skin, these burms are almost in 1 color...
Phase : We tend to talk about the Dark Phase, or wild one... the Albino Phase or the Patternless Phase.. As you can see the coloration of our burms are calles Phases..
Pnumonia : respitory infection. snake hisses heavely, and has slime all over his mouth and nose area. Usually with burms it's caused by drafts or cold temperatures..
Pop-eye : a terrible looking disease of the eyes. It causes them to swell upto 5 times the original size.
Quarantine ( QT ) : newly bought snakes need to go in to qt. A seperate cage in a seperate room. So diseases ( if carried ) will not infect your stock.
Rectic : Or rectangulated Python... the big brother of a burm..
Retained eyecaps : That means that the eyelids did not came off during a molt. It is essential that they are removed because all sorts of infections can get between the two layers. see also Goggles and scales.
Rudimentery : Not fully evolved... That means that while evolution did his or hers work, these things did not follow. A burm has 2 lungs, a rudimentery pelvis, 2 hind legs... As we go higher up the scale of evolution, a viper has only 1 lung, and no pelvis anymore..
Salmonelliosis : A disease that originates from chickens, and that can be handed over via contact with a conterminated snake. Salmonella has been known to be in chickens, and if you feed your burm that kinda prey, hygene must be up a level more. Human symptoms are : vomiting, fever, dizzy, headace, but to name a few.
Scales \ shedding ( molting ) : the things that cover the outer layer of your snake are called the scales They are used to identify a snake spiecies. Scales are hardened plates that are grouped beside eachother to prevent injury, and at the belly, help the snake move. Since they cannot shed their skin like us humans ( bit by bit ) they will peel off their entire skin, in 1 neat piece. the new skin forms underneath the old, before molting.
SFE : Or stupid feeding error... What happens when YOU smell like a rat or rabbit, and Mimmi, your 200 pound burm is hungry in front of you ? Look at my personal sfe page to see what happened in my case :(
Spores : rudimentery leftovers of the legs, in the form of 2 nails, either side of the cloaca. see also Rudimentery.
Strangulation : A word given BY US HUMANS !!!!!!!! for the fact that a snake holds on with it´s body, thus grasping harder as it thinks to fall... not to be mistaken for the actual strangulation of prey... that´s a diff. ballgame :)
Stress : That's when you ( or your snake ) have to preform under hard conditions.. When put in a bad location, stress ( or actually his loss of temper ;) will eventually show. Not as a disease itself ( stress is in the mind ) but it can trigger all sorts of secundairy problems... Like pnumonia, worms and flagglates but to name a few.
Strike Range :
A full grown python can have, when resting, a strike range 1.5 to 2 meters ( 4 to 6 feet ) That means he can hit ya all from a distance upto that. We allways remember that when an attempt to handle them is made... REMEMBER THAT INITIALLY !!! the snake doesn't know what's about to happen... and CAN !! respond by instinct... fight or run... Usually they do not run.....
Tame : A python hatcling will not see the difference between hatching in the wild or in your home, and are so called /wild/ pythons. There broken by the touch of humans. They cannot be tamed completely, but when handled and more important : RESPECTED from day 3 or so, will remain usually calm and docile animals.
Territorial / teritory: The place a snake lives in is called it's teritory, and when defending that, they are called territorial.
Ultraviolet : or UV light is the kinda light we cannot see. It is defined in UV-A /B or C where UV-C can cause skincancer. UV-A/B are good for the snake to maintain a good vitamin supply. Vitamine A and D3 in the snake come from the sunlights UV rays... kinda weird...
Urate : the white stuff found after your snake went for a pee. Since snakes have no bladder ( thing that holds urine ) snakes "deficate" a sturdy white urate. Some times it can look yellowish, and their can be some liquid involved.
Vent ; other word for cloaca
Wanna be : Someone that buys a burm, to sell it only 3 years later due to : a different hobby !!! The worst kinda are the wanna be herps...
Wildcaught ; The burm you do not want to have as a pet. Not only protected by Cites ( app. B ) but a real danger to have... Too agressive, too dangerous, too prone to all sorts of diseases..
Winter rest : see hibernation
Zorro : a television star :P