view large
Aerospacelines/Boeing (Super) Guppy
TA handful Boeing 377 Stratocruisers have been converted to transport parts of Airbus, NASA and others. 

 photo: F-BGTV, Airbus , Düsseldorf 01.04.95, Werner Fischdick

 


view large
Aerospatiale/Sud Caravelle
This elegant French jet was revolutionary and a first in many aspects. The type has all but disappeared from service

 photo: TC-AKA ex Istanbul Air, Istanbul 02.95, Servaas Verbrugge

other links: Caravelle club  Sudaviation , Carav. web museum, promovideo 


view large
Aerospatiale/BAC Concorde
This supersonic jet was operationally a modest success but fascinated the world from its first flight in 1969 til its last in 2003 and beyond.

 photo: F-BTSD Air France, Paris CDG 31.05.03, Werner Fischdick

other links: Concordesst Concordejet  


view large
Aerospatiale/Sud Nord-262
The Nord 262 was a commuter prop with 29 seats built in the 1960s. Although a modest succes (110 built), some are still in service.

 photo: TG-NTR of RACSA, Flores 05.2001  Servaas Verbrugge

other links: French Navy Nord-262A

 


view large
ATR-42 and 72
This French / Italian built twin prop seats between 40 and 70 passengers. With current high fuel prices, sales spead up again, now having passed the 700 mark.

 photo: D-AEWH of Eurowings, Dusseldorf 31.07.04 Aart Langevoort

links: ATR 

 


view large
Airbus A-300
Europe's main manufacturers agreed about building a 300 seater widebody airliner together. It first flew in 1972 and after a slow start, Airbus built a whole family around this design, and cargo versions are still manufactured.

 photo: TC-ONY Onur Air, Dusseldorf 31.07.04 Aart Langevoort

 

 

other links: 

 


view large
Airbus A-310
The shorter A-310 was a derivative of the A-300, a modest 255 have been built between 1982 and 1998, most of which are already relegated to cargo service. 

 photo: C-GVAT Air Transat, Toronto 24.06.04 Micha Lück


view large
Airbus A-318
The shortest version of the A-320 family flew in 2002 and after problems with the PW engine are solved, sales finally reaching 100, are still slow compared to the A-319 and A-320.

 photo: F-GUGD Air France, Amesterdam 16.03.04, Aart Langevoort

 

 

 

 

other links:  Club Airbus/French Frog

 


view large
Airbus A-319
The shortened A-319 first flew in 1995 as a 737/DC-9 replacement. With more then 1000 sold and also popular with Low Cost carriers, it's one of the stronger Airbus in the market now. 

 photo: 9A-CTH Croatia AL, Dusseldorf 30.07.04, Aart Langevoort


view large
Airbus A-320 / 321
The A-320 was the first Airbus narrowbody, flying in 1987, and the first true challenge to Boeing and MDD. Expanding this 160 seat design into smaller and longer versions, Airbus covers half of the important 100-200 seat market by the start of the 21st Century. 

 photo: A-321 C-GKOI Air Canada, Ottawa 23-6-04 Micha Lück


view large
Airbus A-330
In 1987, Airbus took the unusual step of announcing the joint launch of twin- and four engined airliners based on the same fuselage. The two engined A-330 has proven by now to be most successful of the couple.

 photo: D-ALPF  LTU, Dusseldorf 31.07.04 Aart Langevoort

 

 

 

 

other links: Airbus A340 website 

 


view large
Airbus A-340 200 and 300 series
The four engined A-340 was to make it suitable for long range routes, but with longer ETOPS possible gets a little outdated, with few more orders after 2003 

 photo: LV-ZRA Aerolineas Argentinas, EZE 17.09.98, Sebastián Popovsky


view large
Airbus A-340-500/600, A-350, A-380 and A-400
The stretched A-340 with a capacity for 350-400 passengers was the first true 747 alternative. While having some high profile orders, the total number is slightly disappointing 

 photo: EC-IQR Iberia, Madrid 02.04.05 Aart Langevoort


view large
Antonov 22, 72/74 
The Antonov 22 was the biggest prop-engined airliner ever and  the 72/74 a medium sized  cargo aircraft

 photo: An-72 ES-NOI Atlantic Airlines, Coventry 11-7-05 Aart Langevoort

 

 

other links: 

 

 


view large
Antonov 124/125, 140, 148 
, the 124/225 is the largest aircraft now in service, the new An-140, an ATR-styled commuter prop with its future uncertain due to some crashes, and the An-148 is a new Regional Jet.
 photo: An-140 UR-14002 Aeromost, Bratislava 10.03 Servaas Verbrugge

view large
BAe-146 and Avro RJ
Initially developed by Hawker Siddely, the 146 was powered by four low powered turbofans for operations to noise conscious areas and short runways. BAe relaunched the Avro Regional Jetliner in 1992 which meant a small revival, but production ceased in 2002.

 photo: C-GRNX Jazz, YOW 24.06.05, Micha Lück 

other links:Smiliner


view large
Avro / BAe/ HS- 748
The UK answer to the F-27 and other 50 seaters was the HS-748. it sold reasonably and has also been licence built in India, the last one was produced in 1988.

 photo: HR-ATC Atlantic, Tegucigalpa 14.12.04, Servaas Verbrugge

other links: HS748.com 

 


view large
BAe Jetstream J-31 and HP-137
More then 10 year after Handley Page produced the HP-137, BAe updated the design and built almost 400 units of this 19-seater till the mid 1990s.

 photo: ZK-JSR OriginPacific, NZL 07.2004 Micha Lück 

 

 

 

 

other links: Jetstream Club 

 

 

 


view large
BAe Jetstream J-41 / 4100
In 1990 a stretched 29-seat version of the Jetstream was launched. Hardly a success, in a few years, 105 frames were built before production ceased.

 photo: ZK-JSR OriginPacific, NZL 07.2004 Micha Lück 


view large
BAe ATP
The ATP, first flight in 1986, was an advanced and stretched version of the old HS-748, but it failed to gain comparible substantial orders.  After a struggling 10 years and 65 built, the unbuilt fuselages were sent to the scrapheap. 

 photo: G-MANP, Brisitsh AW Citiline, I O Man, 13.03.04 Thomas Klein


view large
BAC 1-11 / Rombac 1-11
With a production of 244 frames, this was one of the most successful British aircraft. If the energy put in Concorde was spent on stretched and reengined versions, we might have still seen it everywhere today. 

 photo: G-AZMF European Avtn, Bournemouth 03.02  Servaas Verbrugge

other links: BAC 1-11jet 

 


view large
DH-106 Comet / Nimrod
The Comet was the first jetliner to operate. The whole industry learned of it's crashes. The later versions were technological fine but soon outdated. The military Nimrod is based on the Comet but with newer engines.

 photo: G-BDIX ex Dan-Air, East Fortune, 30.09.01 Servaas Verbrugge

other links: Comet Homepage , Marc Schaeffers' , CometMP , Target lock: Nimrod 


view large
HS-121 Trident
The Hawker Siddely Trident only had limited success, 117 aircraft  were sold, that was blamed to listen too closely to BEA (later BA) 's specifications. The last Trident flight occured in 1997 in China.

 photo: G-AVXB ex BEA, Duxford 23.02.03 Servaas Verbrugge

other links: about G-AWZK 

 


view large
BAC / Vickers VC-10
Another British aircraft which was overshadowed by its US competitors like the 707 and DC-8. Although withdrawn from passenger service in 1981, some survive as tankers and VIP transporters with the RAF.

 photo: G-ASXC  ex BOAC, Duxford 23.02.03, Servaas Verbrugge

other links: Little VC10derness 

 


view large
Beech 99
The Beech 99 (15 seats) was a pioneer in the commuter market, although not built in great numbers, later designs by Embraer, Swearingen and Beech were based on this concept

 photo: N206AV Air Vegas, Las Vegas North 04.12.2002, Servaas Verbrugge

 

 

other links:

 


view large
Beech 1900 and 2000 Starship
This Beech 1900 (19 seats) first flew in 1982 and remained longer in production then its competitors, til 2003. The Starship was an innovative biz-plane but failed commercially has been pulled off the market. 

 photo: N1552C ACE, Anchorage 08.99, Servaas Verbrugge


view large
Beechjet 400
The Beechjet 400 series were originally developed by Mitsubishi as the Diamond 1. The military version is the T-1A Jayhawk for the USAF

 photo: TC-MHS Premier I, Dusseldorf 30.07.04 Aart Langevoort

other links:  

 


view large
Boeing 707 , 720 and KC-135
The first flight of the 707 in 1954 marked the start of the jet revolution in the airline business. Military KC-135 survive in bigger numbers then the 707 due to the CFM-56 reengine program.

 photo: T-95 LADE, El Palomar 01.05, Sebastián Popovsky

other links: KC-135 str , Sentry , KC135.org


view large
Boeing 717 ( MD-95)
MdDonnell Douglas prepared the MD-95 as DC-9 sized modern aircraft. After Boeing took MDD over, the aircraft was remarketed as the 717 but failed to gain more then 155 orders, production ceased in 2006.

 photo: N895AT AirTran, New York LGA 01.01.05, Micha Lück

other links: B717.de 

 


view large
Boeing 727 - 100
The 727 first flew in 1963 and was the most succesfull jetliner for a long time. The short -100 was built til the early 1970s.

 photo: XA-SKC Aerolineas Internacionales, 12.10.00 Mexico DF, Servaas V

 

 

other links: Bensons 727's , Airplanehomes, 727datacenter 

 


view large
Boeing 727 - 200 
The longer 727-200 was the most successful variant and has played a major role especially in US domestic aviation in the 1970s til 1990s. About a quarter still survives mainly as cargo converted aircraft. 

 photo: 5N-BDG Chanchangi AL, Kaduna 12.03, Andrew Worthington


view large
Boeing 737  100 and 200 series
Boeing announced the 737 in 1965 to get a hold on the regional jetliner market, were McDonnell Douglas was successful with the DC-9. Sales were sluggish in the first 10 years but by 1980 the 737-200 advanced was the best selling aircraft. 

 photo: C-FHJC Canjet, YOW 24.06.04, Micha Lück

 

 

other links: boeing 737 online , 737 information ,737 technical 

 


view large
Boeing 737 300, 400 and 500 series
The engines of the 200-series were becoming outdated, though, and Boeing first flew the re-engined and stretched 300 in 1984. A bigger (400) and smaller (500) counterpart followed soon. This generation outsold any competitor until the late 1990s.

 photo: HS-TDA 737-400 Nok Air, Udon Thani 23.09.04 Servaas Verbrugge


view large
Boeng 737 NG (600 to 900 and BBJ)
The Next Generation 737 was announced in 1993 and being built since 1997, it remains head to head with the A-320 family. The total 737 family reached the 6000 sold and 5000 built mark by early 2006. 

 photo: ZK-PBC 737-800 Pacific Blue, Micha Lück

other links: new Boeings 

 


view large
Boeing 747 100 / 200 / 300
The Boeing 747 Jumbo Jet first flew in 1969. Its upperdeck was based on the idea the aircraft could easily carry on as a freighter, when it would became superfluous due to supersonic transports.

 photo: N716CK Connie Kalitta 747-122F Amsterdam 17.04.04, Aart Langevoort

 

 

 

other links: 747SP websitenew Boeings 

 

 


view large
Boeing 747 SP
The short bodied 747SP was a gawky niche aircraft for long distances, the 45 aircraft built have become obscure relics. 

 photo: YK-AHB Syrianair, Amsterdam 01.01.05 Aart Langevoort


view large
Boeing 747-400 and 800
The 747-400 variant was sold since 1988 but lately lost market share against two engined widebodies. The new longer -800 was launched in 2005 but mainly attracts interest by cargo airlines.

 photo: DQ-FJK Air Pacific, Vancouver 2004 Micha Lück


view large
Boeing 757-200
Together with the 767, Boeing launched this 727 follow up in 1978. It became a reasonable success especially in the USA, although production ceased in 2005. 

 photo: 'C-GTSN/ 803 Harmony Air, Vancouver 2004, Micha Lück

 

 

other links: B757info 

 

 


view large
Boeing 757-300
The ultra stretched 757-300 came into service in the late 1990s but was too late to gain more then a few orders.

 photo: D-ABOF Condor/Thomas Cook, Dusseldorf 01.08.04 Aart Langevoort


view large
Boeing 767
Boeings first widebody twin, as answer to Airbus A-300 and 310, was the 767. After a slow start, especially the 300ER series sold quite well. Production continues at a trickle by 2006.

 photo: N797AX Airborne Express, KILN 29.07.04 Matt Kluck

other links: new Boeings 

 


view large
Boeing 777 and 787
This biggest twin jetliner in service first flew in 1994. Together with the 200ER, the stretched 300 and the 300ER (in service since 2005), the 777 is now the most popular big long range aircraft on the market. The 787 is also selling very well, first flight expected in 2007.

 photo: N77014 777-224 Continental, Amsterdam 05.04 Servaas Verbrugge

other links: 777 Fleetpage , flying safely on the 777 , new Boeings 

 


view large
Bombardier Global Express / Continental
The Global Express was launched in 1991 and first flew in 1996, it's one of the largest business jets available, while the Continental is slightly smaller.

 photo: XA-NGS Auckland 09.07.04, Micha Lück

other links:  

 


view large
Bristol Brabazon, Britannia / CL-44
The Britannia was the only western long range turboprop airliner, but failed to sell well. The CL-44 has been in cargo service til the end of the 20th century 

 photo: G-AOVT ex Monarch, Duxford 23.02.03 Servaas Verbrugge

other links: Britannia , CL44

 


view large
Britten Norman / Pilatus Trislander
A variation of the small Islander (9 seats) was the three engined Trislander (17 seats). Few of them are built and still in service.

 photo: ZK-LGR Great Barrier, Raratonga 2004, Micha Lück

other links:  

 


view large
Canadair Regional Jet
Canadair was experienced with their Bizjets, a strechted version of the Challenger was launched in 1991 aimed at the Regional market. While production of the 50-seaters have stopped, the 70 to 90 passenger versions still sell reasonably.

photo: D-ACHI Lufthansa Cityline, Zurich 07.04, Aart Langevoort

other links:  

 


view large
Canadair Challenger
The Challenger is a fairly large businessjet, originally based on a LearStar design. The latest versions are still in production. 

 photo: D-ANKE Challenger 604, Dusseldorf 01.08.04, Aart Langevoort

other links:  

 


view large
Casa / Nurtanio 212, 235, 295 
Spains Casa C-212 Aviocar has sold 430 units mainly to military operators. ;like Its follow up, the CN-235, the aircraft are licence-built by Nurtanio in Indonesia as well.

 photo: Casa 235 EC-FBC Binter Mediterráneo, PMI 05.92, Werner Fischdick

other links:  

 


view large
Cessna Citation
The development of the Citation bizjet family started in the mid 1960s, seven subtypes are still in production today. 

 photo: CS-DHA Netjets Citation 550B, Dusseldorf 01.08.04, Aart Langevoort

other links: Citation Shares 

 


view large
Convair 240 , 340, 440, 580, 600
Convair built more then 1000 piston engined 240/340/440s more then 100 survive 50 years later, mostly converted with turboprops.

 photo: ZS-KSA King Salomon Airways, 2000, Micha Lück

other links:  

 


view large
Convair 880, 990
The Convair 880 and 990 were faster but less economical then its main competitors, the 720 and DC-8, and few were flying beyond 1980.

 photo: N8806E Convair 880, Lissabon 11.99, Servaas Verbrugge

other links: Convairjet 

 


view large
Curtiss C-46 Commando
The C-46 was way bigger then the DC-3 and more then 3000 were built during WW 2. Unlike the prettier DC-3, very few C-46s survive, a dozen are still airworthy.

 photo: HI-495CT ex AMSA, Santo Domingo 05.04.94, Werner Fischdick

other links:

 


view large
Dassault Mercure
The Mercure was a marketing failure due to its short range which made it unattractive for airlines with a route structure with longer routes -like almost all airlines. 

 photo: F-BTMD Air Inter, Paris Orly 08.04.89, Werner Fischdick

other links: 

 


view large
Dassault Falcon
The bizjet Falcon is still in production though.

 photo: C-GMND Falcon 900C, YOW 24.06.04 Micha Lück

other links: Falcon 

 


view large
DHC-5 Buffalo  and DHC-7
The Buffalo was a turboprop engined follow up to the DHC-4 Cariboo military transport aircraft. The DHC-7 was a STOL 50 seater, the final four engined propellor passenger plane ever. Both were moderate succeses with production around 115.

 photo: OY-CBU DHC-7 Greenland Airways 04.11.05 Calgary, Bill Knight

 

:  

 

 

 

 

other links: Twin Otter Int 

 

:  

 


view large
DHC-6 Twin Otter
The bigger two turboprop engined version of the Otter is a timeless commuter transport. Almost 40 years after its first flight, most are still flying in less developed areas. 

 photo: '605' West Coast Air, Vancouver 2004, Micha Lück


view large
DHC-8  100 / 200 / 300
The 2-engined commuter with versions of 37 or 50 seats proved to be a successful commuter aircraft. Launched in 1983, it is still being built by 2006. 

 photo: N835EX US Airways Express, New York LGA 01.01.05 Micha Lück


view large
DHC-8 / Dash 8-400
The stretched version for up to 70 seats is a slow but steady seller with a healthy orderbook by 2006, being much cheaper and hardly slower then the Regional Jets.

 photo: LN-RDI, SAS, Copenhagen 09.04.04 Aart Langevoort


view large
Douglas DC-4 / C-54 Skymaster
T
he first of the big Douglas four engined pistons was mainly built for the US Air Force during the 2nd World War.

 photo: PH-DDS Dutch Dakota Association, Amsterdam 05.11.00 Servaas Verbrugge

 

 

other links: spirit of freedom

 


view large
Douglas DC-6 / C-118 and DC-7
T
he first of the big Douglas four engined pistons was mainly built for the US Air Force during the 2nd World War.

 photo: EC-ATR DC-7 ex Spantax, Gran Canaria, 04.01.00 Servaas Verbrugge


view large
McDonnell Douglas DC-8
Douglas answer to Boeings 707 was the DC-8. It first flew in 1958. Both aircraft shared the position of main intercontinental trunk airliner till the Jumbo's became popular.

 photo: 9XR-SC Silverback Cargo, Amsterdam 01.01.05 Aart Langevoort

other links: DC-8.org , DC-8 gothard

 


view large 
McDonnell Douglas DC-9
The DC-9, designed in the early 1960s, is the grandfather of a twin jet family which is built till 2006. Many earlier DC-9s are still in service

 photo: ZS-NNN Sun Air, Lanseria 26.02.04 Servaas Verbrugge

 

 

 

other links: DC-9.com ,. MD-80.netInternational MD-80 forum , Dustin's MD-80 page

 

 


view large
McDonnell Douglas MD-80
The follow up of the DC-9, the stretched DC-9-81, had a production run of almost 1200 but is now slowly disappearing from service

 photo: N828NK Spirit Air, New York LGA, 01.01.05 Micha Lück


view large
McDonnell Douglas MD-90
The modernized MD-80, a slightly stretched and reengined MD-90, was too late and had some snags preventing it to be ordered and built in significant numbers.

photo: LN-DOA SAS, Copenhagen 09.04.04 Aart Langevoort


view large
McDonnell Douglas DC-10
The Douglas DC-10 first flew in 1970. Hampered with some early design flaws and lots of bad publicity because of some crashes, the DC-10 turned out to be the better seller compared to Lockheeds rival.

 photo: 9G-ANE Ghana Airways, Dusseldorf 31.07.04 Aart Langevoort

 

 

other links:  

 


view large
McDonnell Douglas MD-11
The performance of the late 80s MD-11 lacked compared to what MDD promised, although the 200 built are now popular freighters.

 photo: PH-MCU Martinair, Amsterdam 16.03.04 Aart Langevoort


view large
Dornier 228
Dornier launched its 19 seater in the early 80s. It had modest success both with airlines and airforces. Production in Germany came to a standstill with 247 frames but continues in licence in India. 

 photo: D-ILWB LGW, Dusseldorf 31.07.04 Aart Langevoort

 

other links:  

other links:  


view large
Dornier 328 prop and Jet
The development of the Fairchild-Dornier Do-328 turboprop commuter plane started in 1988. The roll out was in 1991 and the plane was developed for 30-40 passengers. With the bankruptcy of Dornier, production came to a halt

 photo: G-BWWT Scot Airways, Amsterdam 11.06.04 Aart Langevoort


view large
Embraer 110 Bandeirante
Embraer had international success with it's 19 seater commuter Bandeirante, which first flew in 1968 and remained in production till 1990. It was the main competitor against the DHC-6 and Metro.

 photo: ZK-FTS Air Raro, Rarotonga 07.07.04 Micha Lück

 

other links:  


view large
Embraer 120 Brasilia
Embraer launched its fairly successful 30 seater Brasilia in 1983 as logical addition to the 110 Bandeirante (19 seats). Production stopped recently at 359 frames.

 photo: N393SW Skywest/United Express, SFO 17.02.01  Servaas Verbrugge


view large
Embraer 135/140
Two slightly shorter versions of the successful E-145 family, with 35 and 40 seats respectively.

 photo: N718AE E-135 American Eagle, New York LGA 01.01.05 Micha Lück

 

 

 

other links: Emb 145 study guide ,  embjets.net (about 170/190 family)

 


view large
Embraer 145
As a response to the popular Canadair Regional Jet, Embraer launched a stretched jet-version of the Emb-120 turboprop. After a difficult designing stage; the wing mounted engines didn't work out

 photo: N258JO E-145 US Airways Express, Greensboro 18.12.03, Micha Lück


view large
Embraer 170 , 190
After interest in 40-50 seater jets faded somewhat, Embraer became the leading small commercial jet manufacturer with a good selling 70 to 120 seat family with wing mounted engines.

 photo: EI-DFI Alitalia Express, Dusseldorf 31.07.04 Aart Langevoort


view large
Fairchild F-27 / FH-227
Fairchild licence produced the popular Dutch F-27 Friendship, but only sold about 200 of them.

 photo: HR-ASR Aerolineas Sosa, La Ceiba 13.12.04, Servaas Verbrugge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

other links: FH-227 whistle pig , F-27 association

:  

 

 

 

 

 

 

other links: VFW-614,de                 the VFW-614 is found on:


view large
Fokker F-27 Friendship
The F-27 Friendship first flew in 1955. It immediately attracted attention by airlines and airforces worldwide. Maybe the F-27 family was the closest thing to the ideal replacement of the DC-3.

 photo: G-CEXA Channel Expr, Bournemouth 16.03.02,  Servaas Verbrugge


view large
Fokker F-28 Fellowship
The Dutch manufacturer decided to build the 65 pax twinjet F-28 Fellowship (later stretched to 85 pax) in the mid sixties. It had an appeal in underdeveloped countries with its rugged structure.

 photo: ZS-XGX AirQuarias/SAA, Capetown 19.02.04, Servaas Verbrugge


view large
Fokker 50
Fokker built the Fokker 50 as re-engined follow up of the successful F-27 Friendship. After a reasonable orderbook start right after 1986, sales lagged behind the ATR-42 and DASH-8.

 photo: SE-LIP Skyways, Copenhagen 08.04.04, Aart Langevoor


view large
Fokker 70/100
The Fokker 100, an up-to date re-engined development of the Fokker F-28 Fellowship, made it's first flight in 1986. The shorter F-70 became a success but couldn't save Fokker from bankruptcy.

 photo: D-AGPK Air Berlin, Düsseldorf 31.07.04 Aart Langevoort


view large
Fokker  / VFW-614
The first regional jet, 44 seats, perhaps came 25 years too early. Only a handful were sold, and it was a reason why the cooperation between Fokker and VFW (West Germany) failed.

 photo: D-BABC, VFW proto/demo, Düsseldorf 02.02.74, Werner Fischdick


view large
GAF Nomad
The sole Australian airliner, with max. seatcapacity of 19 passengers, had a modest success with about 170 built. 

 photo: ZK-NAD Air Tours, Kaikoura 28.06.92 Micha Lück

other links:  

 


view large
Gulfstream I / G-159
The G-159, fitted with two Dart turboprops, was aimed at the business market but has also seen some airliner service. Some of the 200 built are still in service. 

 photo: N190PA , London Gatwick 11.06.94 Servaas Verbrugge

other links:  

 


view large

Gulfstream II, III, IV, V Jet
This high end business jet has seen a production run so far of over 1000.

 photo: HB-JEQ, G-450 Geneve 05.05.2006, Aart Langevoort

other links:  

 


view large
Handley Page Herald
The Herald first flew as four engined piston aircraft. The production version resembled the F-27 but lacked the succes of the competion, only 50 were built in the late 1950s and 60s. None are now flying.

 photo:

other links:  

 


view large
IAI Arava
This small prop aircraft, the only airliner Israel has produced (so far) was mainly bought by airforces and has hardly seen passenger service.

 photo: 4X-IAJ due for Ecuadorian Army, 1974, photo IAI, via J. Visschedijk

 

other links:  

 


view large

IAI Westwind / Galaxy / Gulfstream 100-200
The IAI Jet series consist of a line of mid sized business jets. IAI and Galaxy were taken over by Gulfstream Aerospace around 2000. elegant aircraft was revolutionary and a first in many aspects. 

 photo: IAI Westwind 1124 N240WW, 1978, photo IAI, via J. Visschedijk

other links:  

 


view large
Ilyushin 14 , 18
While the Electra lacked appeal compared to the early jets, communists could choose efficiency over consumer preferences, and built the comparible Il-18 as their main medium hauler. 

 photo: Il-18 HA-MOA ex Malev, Budapest 08.08.03, Servaas Verbrugge

 

 

other links:  

 


view large
Ilyushin 62, 86, 96, 114
The first long range jet of the Soviet Union with the same performance as the DC-8/707s was surprisingly similar as the British VC-10. The jumbo Il-86 and 96 haven't gained the same popularity. 

photo: to be edited


view large
Learjet
The Learjet series found their roots in 1963 with the Lear 23. Gates Lear was acquired by Bombardier in 1990. 

 photo: D-CURT Air Traffic, Düsseldorf 30.07.04, Aart Langevoort

other links:  

 


view large
Lockheed L-049/749/1049/1649 Constellation
This aircraft was maybe not the most successful but the most beautiful long haul aircraft of the 1950s. Few survive with preservation groups.

 photo: to be edited

other links: 


view large
Lockheed L-188 Electra
The Electra, even while only 170 were built, still flies cargo 45 years later. The military P-3 version is built in much greater numbers til as late as 2000,  it is not featured on this site, but see the link.

 photo: N1968R Reeve Aleutian, Sand Point Alaska 19.08.99, S Verbrugge

other links: Super Electra ,  W. Krutein page , P-3 Orion Research Group


view large
Lockheed L-1011 Tristar
Lockheed tried to regain a position on the commercial market with this widebody, but Douglas outsold Lockheed almost twice with the similar DC-10. 

 photo: to be edited

other links: German L-1011  Delta L1011 homestead , flytristartristar500.net


view large
Martin Mars
The Martin Mars is the biggest water aircraft, with two still airworthy. 

 

 photo: C-FLYL, Sproat Lake 07.05,  Werner Fischdick collection

other links:  


view large
M-404
The M-404 is recently added, contains the full histories of all aircraft. This Convair lookalike sadly doesn't fly anymore on regular basis.

 photo: M-404 N40438 Nevada Airlines, Las Vegas 13.09.79 Werner Fischdick

other links:  


view large
NAMC YS-11
The only Japanese airliner was the YS-11, a sturdy design with a good safety record. While production ceased in 1974 with only 182 built, it remains in small scale service in mainly Japan and the Philippines.

 photo: to be edited

other links:  

 


view large
Raytheon 390 premier / Hawker / HS-125
The HS-125 started out as De Havilland design. Raytheon purchased the BAe Business Jets division in 1993, the model 390 Premier is the first product of the Raytheon/Hawker combine. 

 photo: to be edited

other links:  

 


view large
Saab 340
The Swedish military planebuilder approached the commercial market in 1983 with the 33 seat SF-340, at first together with the US Fairchild. 

 photo: to be edited

 

 

other links:  

 

 


view large
Saab 2000
The later Saab 2000 (45 seats) proved to be expensive to buy and operate. Its role was already to be taken over by the more popular regional jets. Saab stopped building the 340 and 2000 in 1999.

 photo: to be edited


view large
Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer
This elegant aircraft was revolutionary and a first in many aspects. The type has all but disappeared from service. To be added soon

 photo: to be edited

 

other links:  

 


view large
Shorts Belfast, Skyvan, Sh-330
For decades, the Northern -Irish airplane-builder Short made ruggish but reliable propellor-aircraft. Of the unique Belfast, a bigger brother of the Hercules, only 10 were built.

 photo: to be edited

 

 

other links: Pink Skyvan

 


view large
Shorts 360
Production of the 330 and 360 ceased in 1991, when Short decided to concentrate on airplane- components for other manufacturers. This boxy aircraft still flies cargo and passengers here and there.

 photo: to be edited


N/A
Sukhoi Regional Jet 
Russia wants to regain interest from airlines beyond the C.I.S. hemisphere in this 60-90 pax regional jet. The first orders are coming in by late 2005, and even Lufthansa and KLM are reported to be interested. 

other links


view large
Swearingen / Fairchild Metro and Merlin 
More then 1000 of this sleek 19 seater commuter and VIP aircraft have been built between 1967 and 2000.

 photo: Micha Luck

other links

 


view large
Tupolev 134, 144, 154
The Soviet's answer to the early short-haul jets DC-9, BAC 1-11 and Caravelle was the Tupolev 134. It flew in 1963 and was extensively used in the USSR and exported to Eastern European countries.

 photo: to be edited

other links:  

 


view large
Tupolev 204, 214, 334
Tupolev designed a lot of other aircraft of which only a few are built (till now). Featured too in the dataare the Tu-144 "Concordski", the 757-copy Tu-204, which is meant to replace the 154, the shorter 214 and 100 seat 234.

 photo: to be edited

other links:  

 


view large
Vickers Vanguard
This 100 seater turboprop was only sold to BEA and Trans Canada, but cargo versions soldiered on til the mid 1990s.

 photo: to be edited

other links:  

 


view large
Vickers Viscount
The Viscount was the first turboprop airliner, with 444 built one of the biggest UK successes in aviation. The aircraft has all but disappeared from service

 photo: to be edited

other links: Gilberts page , Viscount G-APIM , Viscount


view large
Yakovlev Yak-42
The Yak-42 was a 120 seat aircraft designed in the late 70s and meant to replace Tu-134s and Il-18s in service with Aeroflot. An early accident lowered the pace of introduction and less than 200 were built.

 photo: RA-42415 opf Karat, Ljubljana, Pavel Barabas

other links: 

 


view large
Yunshui / Harbin / Hafei Yun-12 and Y-7/MA-60
The Y-12 is the first full Chinese designed airliner which is built in fair numbers and exported. An estimated 100 are built so far of this 17 seater. The MA-60 is developed out of the An-24.

 photo: RDPL-34129 Laos Airlines, Vientiane May 6 2006, Servaas Verbrugge

other links: