Stefan Metaal's Big History Pages


Early Hominid Age

(8 - 2 mya)

Varied dieet of untreated fruits, nuts, roots, etc, as well as insects, small mamals, etc, clever in finding food sources

Individual exploration and exploitation skills, combined with coordinated hunting and raiding parties

Hominids start out as 'third chimpanzee', similar skills, similar living conditions

Chimpanzee style group dynamics: large repertoir of social emotions (jalousy, friendship)

Groups are nomadic, travelling for food

Territories similar to chimpanzee: balances alternated by disputes and raids

Small number of children, lifespan of a few decennia

Food distribution as in chimpanzee

Plains ape; groups stay in the open plains and spend the night in defendable spaces, branches and rocks within reach

Bipedalism, walking upright with free hands

Long-range stereoscopic sight, extremely sensitive hand-to-eye coordination

Manuport: manipulation of untreated portable objects such as branches and rocks

Competing hominids (Australopitheci, early Homo) may or may not have prefered different habitats and food habits

Oldowan greatly increases food gathering possibilities

Oldowan (from 2,5 mya) pebble tool industries; simple flakes struck off pebbles, with choppers and flakes

Haphazardly worked pieces of wood and bone (likely)

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