Lake a few miles south of Munich, where the "mad" King Ludwig II of Bavaria drowned in 1886 in mysterious circumstances. This romantic, melancholy king was a passionate admirer of Richard Wagner and especially of Wagner's opera Tristan und Isolde, which plays a significant part in The Waste Land. Ludwig's suffering of "death by water" in the Stanbergersee thus evokes a cluster of themes central to the poem. (NA)

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