Places in Middle Earth

Angmar
The Witch realm of the north, once ruled by the Lord of the Nazgûl, chief servant of the Dark Lord Sauron.

Anduin
The Great River, in wich the One Ring slipped form the finger of Isildur, and was lost. When the Fellowship of the Ring went south by boat from Lórien, they travelled down this river, pursued by Gollum.

Barad-Dûr
The Dark Tower, Sauron's fortress in the land of Mordor.

Barrow Downs
Where Frodo, Merry, Pippin and Sam were lured between two tall standing stones into the burial chambers of a dreadful Barrow-wight, an encounter from wich they were rescued by Tom Bombadil.

Bree
Where Frodo and his companions stopped at The Prancing Pony; Frodo used the Ring and disappeared; the landlord, Barliman Butterbur gave Frodo a belated message from Gandalf; and the four Hobbits met Strider.

Buckland
Where Frodo lived as a young Hobbit. It was to a home near here (in Crickhollow) that he pretended to be moving when he set off on his journey. It was on the road to Buckland that Frodo and his companions first realised that they were being followed by Black Riders; and it was in the nearby Woody End that they met Gildor and the Elves. While taking a shortcut to avoid the pursuing Riders, they trespassed onto the land of Farmer Maggot, who gave the Hobbits a wonderful meal of home-grown mushrooms.

Carrock
Near this rock in the River Anduin was Beorn's House, home of the shape-shifting bee-keeper who, in The Hobbit, gave hospitality to Gandalf, Bilbo and the dwarves in his great wooden hall.

Dead Marshes
Fenland to the west of the ancient site of the Battle of Dagorlad. Gollum led Frodo and Sam through these treacherous marshes where the dead of that battle lay buried, their corpse candles giving off an eerie light.

Dimrill Dale
The valley wich the Fellowship came into after leaving the Mines of Moria. From its lake, Mirrormere (Kheled-zâram), the river Silverlode flowed down to Lórien.

Dol Amroth
The coastal citadel from where the Prince Imrahil rode to the aid of Gondor.

Dol Guldur
Former fortress of Sauron on the southern edge of Mirkwood. The Dark Lord was driven out of this tower by the White Council and fled to Mordor. However, the fortress remained a stronghold for Sauron's forces during the War of the Ring until it was finally destroyed by the Elves of Lórien led by the Lady Galadriel.

Edoras
City of Rohan where, in Meduseld, the Golden Hall, Gandalf first sought the aid of Théoden, King of the Mark. Later Gandalf returned to confront the King with the rise of Sauron and the treachery of both Saruman and Théoden's own counsellor Grima Wormtongue. In the hills southwest of Edoras was the Hold of Dunharrow, the refuge to which the women and children of the Mark were sent for safety, under the protection of Théoden's daugther, Éowyn; and from where Aragorn took the Paths of the Dead under Dwimorberg, the Haunted Mountain.

Emyn Muil
The rocky region, surrounding Nen Hithoel, the lake above the Falls of Rauros. After the breaking of the Fellowship, Frodo and Sam passed across the eastern side to the Dead Marshes and began their journey towards Mordor.

Erebor
The Lonely Mountain, former stronghold of dwarf lord, Thain, King under the Mountain. It was here, in The Hobbit, that Bilbo had his conversation with Smaug the Dragon; and it was at the Front Gate that the Battle of Five Armies was fought in which Elves, Men and Dwarves (aided by Beorn, the Great Eagles of the north and one Hobbit) battled with Goblins and wild Wolves.

Erech
The hill where Aragorn gathered with the Oathbreakers, the army of the dead, before attacking the enemy fleet at Pelargir.

Esgaroth
Lake Town, built on the Long Lake. In The Hobbit, Bilbo and the Dwarves visited the town, following their escape from the hall of the Elven King. Smaug the Dragon later attacked and destroyed Esgaroth, but was slain by Bard the Bowman.

Fangorn
The ancient forest where Merry and Pippin (having escaped from the Orcs) encountered Treebeard and his fellow Ents, tree-herds who had grown like the trees for which they were responsible. Treebeard, having summoned an Entmoot, led an army of Ents and Huorns against Saruman's stronghold at Isengard. It was here also, on Treebeard's Hill, that Aragorn, Gimli and Legolas were reunited with Gandalf the White.

Field of Celebrant
Site of ancient battle between the men of the West and Easterlings owing allegiance to Sauron.

Ford of Bruinen
Crossing the River Loudwater, where Frodo was pursued by the nine Black Riders on his desperate flight to the safety of Rivendell.

Gondor
The Southern Kingdom of Middle Earth, founded in the Second Age by the Dúnedain, the Men of Westernesse.

Grey Havens
The harbour on the Firth of Lhûn from which the ring-bearers (Frodo, Bilbo, Gandalf, Elrond and Galadriel) set sail on their final journey, across the Sundering Seas into the Undying Lands.

Helm's Deep
A defended refuge in a gorge cut by the Deeping Stream. Named after Helm Hammerhand, former King of Rohan. The fortification, the Hornburg, was later the site of the Battle of Helm's Deep in which Aragorn, Legolas, Gimli and King Théoden's son, Éomer, drove back the Orc hordes.

Hobbiton-across-the-Water
A Hobbit village in The Shire. On The Hill was Bag End, Bilbo and Frodo Baggins' Hobbit-hole, with its round doors and windows, from where both of them set out on their adventures. At the bottom of The Hill ran a river, called The Water, and nearby was the village of Bywater, site of the last battle fought in the War of the Ring.

Isengard
A great ring of rocks surrounding the black stone tower of Orthanc, citadel of Saruman the White, later Saruman of Many Colours. He imprisoned Gandalf here. Later the great eagle, Gwaihir the Windlord, rescued Gandalf from Orthanc's highest pinnacle and carried him to Edoras.

Isenmouthe
In Mordor, where Frodo and Sam managed to escape the Orc army which was taking them to Udûn.

Ithilien
The country between the Anduin and the Mountains of Mordor. It was here that Frodo and Sam met Faramir, brother of Boromir, who took them to a refuge behind the waterfall at Henneth Annûn, the Window of the Sunset.

Lórien (Lothlórien)
The wooded realm of the Elven folk, where the tallest and most beautiful trees in Middle Earth grew; trees with silver bark and golden leaves. It was to Caras Galadhon, the Elven city among these trees, that the Fellowship were led blindfold by Haldir the Elf. Here they were greeted by the Lord Celeborn and the Lady Galadriel, in whose Mirror (a stone basin filled with water) Frodo and Sam saw visions of things happening far beyond the golden woods of Lothlórien.

Minas Morgul
Once Minas Ithil (the Tower of the Rising Moon), the location of one of the palantíri (seeing stones), later used by Sauron. It was from the nearby Morgul road that Gollum lead Frodo and Sam into the cobwebbed lair of Shelob, the great spider. The passage guarded by Shelob led to Cirith Ungol, a tower originally built by Gondor to keep watch on Mordor. It was here that Frodo, after being stung by Shelob, was imprisoned by Orcs and rescued by Sam.

Minas Tirith
The Tower of Guard; formely Minas Anor (the Tower of the Setting Sun), principal city of Gondor. Within its seven circular walls stood the Citadel, with the King's House and the White Tower of Ecthelion where Denethor, the last Steward of Gondor and father of Boromir and Faramir, consulted the palantír (seeing stone) and, falling under the mind of Sauron, grew mad and believed the city would be taken by the Dark Lord. But, although besieged, Minas Tirith did not fall. At the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, during which King Théoden was slain, the allies faced and drove back the hosts of Mordor. Éowyn (disguised as a man), killed the steed of the Lord of the Nazgûl but was badly wounded and was only saved from death by the heroism of Merry. The wounded were cared for in the Houses of Healing, but Denethor, taking the unconscious body of his son, Faramir, lit a funeral pyre. Although Gandalf rescued Faramir, Denethor died in the flames. It was in Minas Tirith, following the fall of Mordor, that Aragorn was crowned King and married to the Lady Arwen, daugther fo Elrond of Rivendell.

Mirkwood
A gloomy forest of old trees, strangled with ivy. It was here, in The Hobbit, that the Dwarves were attacked by spiders and bound up with cobwebs. They were rescued by Bilbo using the Ring to make himself invisible. At its southwestern edge stood Dol Guldur.

Misty Mountains
Beneath which, in the north, lay the Goblin Town visited by Bilbo in The Hobbit. It was in the passageways under this town that Bilbo met Gollum and found the One Ring. On the western side of these mountains was the Eagle's Eyrie, where the Lord of the Eagles carried Bilbo and his companions after the attack by Wargs. In the southern arm of this range rose three great peaks Caradhras (Redhorn), Celebdil (Silvertine) and Fanuidhol (Cloudyhead). The Fellowship of the Ring planned to cross the mountains by the Redhorn Pass, but were prevented by snows. Entering Moria Gate, they made their way through the old Dwarf Kingdom of Khazad-dûm, emerging by the Great Gates into Dimrill Dale. It was on the highest peak of Celebdil, the Zirakzigil, that the final struggle took place between Gandalf and the Balrog.

Morannon
The Black Gate, built by the men of Gondor to keep watch on Mordor at the beginning of the Third Age, following the defeat of Sauron. Two vast, iron doors shut fast beneath a frowning arch, the gate closed off Cirith Gorgor, the Haunted Pass. Guarded by twin defences - Carchost (Fang Fort) and Narchost (Fire tooth), sometimes named the Teeth of Mordor - it was in front of this gate, that Gandalf had parley with the Mouth of Sauron and Aragorn gathered his army for the Battle of Morannon.

Mordor
The Black Land of terror, named from the desolation caused by its being possessed by the Dark Lord Sauron. It was filled with hills of slag, broken rock and blasted earth.

Moria Gate
The Doors of Durin, inscribed with the words "Speak, friend, and enter", which only opened to the Fellowship when Gandalf spoke the password "mellon", the Elvish word for friend. In front of these doors lay a dark pool, within which lurked the Watcher in the Water, a ghastly, tentacled creature.

Mountains of Mirkwood
Near here, on the Forest River, stood the Elven King's Halls, where, in The Hobbit, the dwarves were held captive until Bilbo rescued them and helped them escape, by barrel, to Esgaroth.

Mount Doom
The Mountain of Fire (Orodruin), a huge mass of ash and burned stone on the Plateau of Gorgoroth in Mordor. Here, in the Sammath Naur (Chambers of Fire), Sauron forged the One Ring. It was to the Crack of Doom, on the mountain's side that Frodo carried the Ring and where, after his final struggle with Gollum, it was returned to the fires. With the end of the Ring, came the fall of Mordor, Frodo and Sam being rescued from the burning slopes of Orodruin by Gwaihir and the Eagles.

Mount Mindolluin
The great peak of the White Mountains, rising above the city of Minas Tirith. To the north, below the purple shadows of the mountain, was Druadan Forest, home of the Woses, an ancient, wild, woodland people who aided the allies in breaking the Siege of Gondor.

Old Forest
Where Frodo and his friends fell foul of Old Man Willow and were rescued by Tom Bombadil, who then, with his wife, Goldberry, entertained the Hobbits in his house.

Osgiliath
Citadel of the Stars, city of Gondor built during the Second Age of Middle Earth, through the midst of which flowed the river Anduin. Destroyed by enemies of Gondor, it was rebuilt by Denethor, as an outpost to Minas Tirith. During the final days of the War of the Ring, Denethor sent his son, Faramir, to Osgiliath, an expedition that ended with Faramir being wounded.

Pelargir
The port on the Anduin where Aragorn and the Shadow Host of the Dead seized the black-sailed fleet of the Corsairs of Umbar. Then releasing the dead army to their rest, Aragorn took his men by ship to Minas Tirith.

Rivendell
The Last Homely House east of the Sea, home of Elrond Halfelven. Visited, in The Hobbit, by Bilbo (who later lived there) and then by Frodo, who attended the Council of Elrond at which the Fellowship of the Ring was established.

Rauros
Waterfall at the southern end of the lake, Nen Hithoel. On the south-western bank was Amon Hen (the Hill of the Eye) where Frodo sat on the Seat of Seeing and saw far across Middle Earth to the Dark Tower of Sauron. It was nearby, at Parth Galen, that the Fellowship was broken when Orcs captured Merry and Pippin and killed Boromir. Frodo and Sam crossed Nen Hithoel by boat and entered the eastern Emyn Muil.

Rohan
The rolling grasslands that formed the kingdom of the horse-lords, ruled by King Théoden from his Golden Hall at Edoras. It was on the plains of Rohan that Gandalf found, tamed and rode the horse, Shadowfax the Great.

Sarn Gebir
Rapids on the River Anduin, where the Fellowship was attacked by Orc bowmen and Legolas slew one of the terrible flying creatures on which the Nazgûl rode.

The Shire
A rural region of Eriador, populated by Hobbits, was divided into four Farthings, its principle town being Michel Delving.

Trollshaws
Where, in The Hobbit, Bilbo and the Dwarves encountered the trolls who, with the coming dawn, were turned to stone. The stone trolls were later re-discovered by Frodo and his friends on their journey.

Weathertop
Once the site of an ancient watchtower, where Strider (Aragorn) and his Hobbit companions found a message scratched on a stone by Gandalf and where they were attacked by the Black Riders.